Sometimes it is nice to programmatically run .sql scripts on a MySQL database using Java. This is easily accomplished using the allowMultiQueries configuration property for the MySQL Connector/J driver. When set to true it allows the use of ‘;’ to delimit multiple queries.
In the below code snippet line 1 ensures the MySQL driver is loaded. Line 2 creates a connection that allows multiple queries per statement. The root login is used for brevity, but in a production system the user account should have limited access. Notice the default catalog (or database) was not specified on the connection URL.
The code snippet below creates a database and sets the connections catalog to the newly created database.
Now we want to run the follow test.sql script against the newly created database.
The code below loads the entire script using the Apache common IOUtils into a string variable then executes the script.
This makes running .sql scripts from Java a breeze. In the real world I’ve used this technique to run some pretty complicated scripts. There are a few exceptions with running scripts in this manner, mainly, the DELIMITER keyword isn’t recognized or understood by the Connector/J driver. If you want to run a more complicated script in the SQL Browser you would need to include DELIMITER \( at the top of the file and \) at the end. I’ve also noticed sql comments tend to confuse the parser and are best avoided.